Criar uma Loja Virtual Grátis
Read online book Albert J. Churella - American Business, Politics, and Society: The Pennsylvania Railroad Vol. 1 : Building an Empire, 1846-1917 in DJV


"Do not think of the Pennsylvania Railroad as a business enterprise," Forbes magazine informed its readers in May 1936. "Think of it as a nation." At the end of the nineteenth century, the Pennsylvania Railroad was the largest privately owned business corporation in the world. In 1914, the PRR employed more than two hundred thousand people-more than double the number of soldiers in the United States Army. As the self-proclaimed "Standard Railroad of the World," this colossal corporate body underwrote American industrial expansion and shaped the economic, political, and social environment of the United States. In turn, the PRR was fundamentally shaped by the American landscape, adapting to geography as well as shifts in competitive economics and public policy. Albert J. Churella's masterful account, certain to become the authoritative history of the Pennsylvania Railroad, illuminates broad themes in American history, from the development of managerial practices and labor relations to the relationship between business and government to advances in technology and transportation. Churella situates exhaustive archival research on the Pennsylvania Railroad within the social, economic, and technological changes of nineteenth- and twentieth-century America, chronicling the epic history of the PRR intertwined with that of a developing nation. This first volume opens with the development of the Main Line of Public Works, devised by Pennsylvanians in the 1820s to compete with the Erie Canal. Though a public rather than a private enterprise, the Main Line foreshadowed the establishment of the Pennsylvania Railroad in 1846. Over the next decades, as the nation weathered the Civil War, industrial expansion, and labor unrest, the PRR expanded despite competition with rival railroads and disputes with such figures as Andrew Carnegie and John D. Rockefeller. The dawn of the twentieth century brought a measure of stability to the railroad industry, enabling the creation of such architectural monuments as Pennsylvania Station in New York City. The volume closes at the threshold of American involvement in World War I, as the strategies that PRR executives had perfected in previous decades proved less effective at guiding the company through increasingly tumultuous economic and political waters.

Download book American Business, Politics, and Society: The Pennsylvania Railroad Vol. 1 : Building an Empire, 1846-1917 by Albert J. Churella MOBI

To some people, Arizona was a bad man.It does not pretend to comprehensiveness, but it does address a wide range of Buddhist traditions, emphasizing the heterogeneity and the richness of those traditions.In his book, the author, a known Arabic type designer, studies with an investigative expert eye the early shapes of the pre-Islamic Arabic script and compares them to those of Musnad Arabic and late Nabataean Aramaic inscriptions, in addition to those of the early Islamic Arabic manuscripts and papyri.From thundering waterfalls to sparkling granite peaks, "Yosemite: The Complete Guide" equips travelers with everything they need to make the most of their time in the park.Hotel and restaurant listings highlight DK Choice special recommendations With hundreds of full-color photographs, hand-drawn illustrations, and custom maps that illuminate every page, "DK Eyewitness Travel Guide: Russia" truly shows you what others only tell you.Series Overview: For more than two decades, DK Eyewitness Travel Guides have helped travelers experience the world through the history, art, architecture, and culture of their destinations.I had just left him and gone down the trench to see the other lads when I was called back.The Despoilers tears at one's heart, which is what really good fiction should do." --"Roundup "on "The Despoilers" "Boggs' unique approach to the Lincoln County War's legal skirmishing is both eye-opening and memorable." --"True West "on "Law of the Land" "A finely crafted historical novel with fully developed characters playing out their lives against the backdrop of early Texas settlement." --"American Cowboy "on "Spark on the Prairie" "Boggs delivers a colorful, clever and arresting tale." --"Santa Fe New Mexican "on "Camp Ford"", "RETURN TO RED RIVER Matthew Garth was orphaned in a savage wagon train ambush and adopted by Red River hero Thomas Dunson.